Egg quality and how to improve it

19.10.2021
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Egg quality and how to improve it
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Many scientific studies around the world have proven that the quality of the germ cells of parents has a direct impact on the success of conception. The process of development of the embryo, its viability also depends on this.

Factors on which the quality of the egg depends

Sex cells are present in the female body from birth. They do not have a renewal mechanism as well as the cells that make up the skin, liver and other organs. When planning a pregnancy, it is necessary to take responsibility for the lifestyle and habits of future parents, especially the mother. After all, the ability of eggs to conceive and normal further development largely depends on the partner’s lifestyle.

In preparation for conception, it is strongly recommended to exclude bad habits and other unfavorable factors, such as:

  • drug use, alcohol and tobacco smoking
  • eating junk food, as well as containing simple carbohydrates
  • exposure to toxic substances
  • stressful situations

Also, the presence of concomitant diseases (endometriosis, diabetes mellitus) has a negative impact on the quality of eggs.
Factors that have a positive effect on the quality of the egg include:

  • balanced diet
  • physical activity (within reasonable limits)
  • absence of bad habits
  • favorable psycho-emotional background
  • regular sex life

The organization of nutrition takes the most important role in the quality of the functioning and state of the female reproductive system. It is necessary to fill the diet with fortified food, macro- and microelements. Omega-3 fatty acids are important substances for improving the quality of eggs. They are found in large quantities, for example, in flax seed oil and sea fish (cod, mackerel, tuna, etc.).

Moderate physical activity also has a beneficial effect on the quality of the egg cells. It should be considered also, that overweight negatively affects oocytes. Therefore, weight reduction and stabilization is one of the main factors in the formation of a favorable environment for improving the quality of egg cells. Reasonable physical activity and active pastime speeds up metabolism, normalizes body weight, and also optimizes and heals the work of glands of internal secretion, which directly affects the quality of oocytes.
The presence of bad habits negatively affects the body, including the germ cells. The use of alcohol, drugs and smoking significantly reduces the chance of conception and causes abnormalities in the development of the fetus. Therefore, you should abandon these habits, especially during the preparatory period.

An important positive influence on the quality of female germ cells is exerted by the daily favorable emotional background of the expectant mother and her receiving positive emotions. Stress, insomnia, nervous breakdowns reduce the immune resistance of the body, which negatively affects the quality of eggs.

In addition, regular sexual intercourse is one of the factors in increasing the productivity of oocytes. Intimacy prevents stagnation in the pelvic organs, speeds up their metabolism, which has a positive effect on the state of oocytes.

An improvement in the quality of oocytes is possible at any age. To this end, it is necessary to adhere to the recommendations for proper nutrition and try to lead a healthy lifestyle. The normalization of the reproductive system of a woman is facilitated by the use of substances such as inositol, folic acid, omega-3 fatty acids. They are part of medicines that restore and normalize the activity of the female reproductive glands. Such medicines are recommended for use by a doctor in case of unsuccessful IVF in history.

How is egg quality checked?

In order to assess the quality of the eggs, it is necessary to take a blood test for hormones (estradiol, AMH, FSH and others), as well as to do an ultrasound of the ovaries. These methods give the doctor a general picture of the state of the germ cells and an assessment of the ovarian reserve. Accurate information on the state of oocytes can be obtained only in the IVF protocol after ovarian puncture. The assessment is carried out visually using a binocular. The quality of the egg cells is assessed by the appearance of the cytoplasm, vitelline layer and polar body. The cytoplasm should be homogeneous, without granules. The presence of vacuoles, dark color, deformation is regarded
as signs of poor cell quality.

It is possible to increase the quality of female germ cells! It is necessary to exclude all factors that negatively affect the reproductive system, be patient and take care of your health.

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