Generally, infertility means inability to get pregnant after a year of unprotected sex. Women who are over 35 or with irregular menstrual cycles, those who are able to get pregnant but can’t bear a child to term because of pregnancy loss (miscarriages) might be also viewed infertile and should consult fertility specialist.
In cases if woman can’t get pregnant because of the total absence of ovulation, ovarian stimulation is prescribed. Usage of ovarian stimulation contributes to the normal functioning of ovaries after which nearly 60-75% of women successfully become mothers on their own.
ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is usually conducted by male infertility caused by the reduction of the fertility ability of sperm cells. This method of infertility treatment promotes penetration of a sperm cell (previously selected on the basis of morphological and other characteristics) into an egg.
Each year surrogate motherhood becomes more and more popular kind of infertility treatment but on a proper level surrogacy process is debugged only in few countries e.g. Ukraine, the USA, Georgia, Israel etc.
Every family, planning to have a baby, are thinking about the gender of their future baby they will raise. Sometimes it happens, that happy parents of few daughters are dreaming about and hope that the next baby will be a son, and vice versa.
Surrogacy is one of the reproductive technologies. It helps couples who cannot get pregnant, bear and independently give birth to the baby. The main point of this method is that sperm and / or an egg is taken from the genetic parents, fertilized in laboratory conditions and implanted to another woman, who will bear, give birth to the baby and then give him or her to the genetic parents.
Surrogacy in Lithuania is actual but, at the same time, quite a controversial question which is far from the constructive solution. Nowadays the main problem is the uncertain attitude of the government towards this point as surrogacy in Lithuania isn’t regulated like a method of ART.
Surrogacy in the USA has been highly-developed and wide-spread process since 1991 when Congress allowed the usage of such kind of infertility treatment. But despite its popularity, surrogacy in the USA is officially permitted only in 8 among 50 states. 4 states like Arizona, New York, Utah, Washington and federal district Columbia view surrogacy illegal.
Using of ART in New Zealand is quite a complicated thing. On the one hand, investigations of Australian Institute confirm that during last years amount of IVF procedures increased in 2 times.