Surrogacy and twins
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is considered the most popular method for multiple pregnancies. There is a hypothesis that twins are most often born after IVF. In fact, only every 5 pregnancies after IVF will be multiple (about 20% of cases).
It is this method that is used for fertilization during surrogacy. Thus, we can say that every 5th surrogate mother gave birth to twins. The essence of the method itself lies in the fact that the spouses take their genetic material (egg and sperm) and carry out fertilization in a laboratory. Then several viable embryos are formed. After 5 days in an incubator, they are transplanted into the uterine cavity of a surrogate mother, where they grow and develop for 9 months. At the same time, there is a high probability that all embryos can establish on the endometrium.
If several embryos are implanted, then this indicates that multiple pregnancies are developing in the uterine cavity. In the case of IVF, these are dizygotic twins, when twins are obtained from two or three eggs fertilized with different sperm. In this case, both same and heterosexual children can be born. But, also, babies in the uterus can be identical. As a result, only one fertilized egg is dividing, with the result that each of the new cells develops into an embryo and children are born with an identical genotype, so they can only be same-sex.
Why do biological parents often want twins?
Young parents often dream of a large family with twins. Because, they believe that having given birth to two children once, they will be able to relax and fulfill all desires about motherhood. After all, then, their children will grow, develop and play together, which contributes to the child’s socialization, since there is no age difference.
Parents’ employment also plays a role. After all, many want to have two children, but they are stopped by the fact that they will have to sit 2 times on maternity leave, two times to experience the nights that have not been slept. And the birth of 2 twins at once allows you to get what you want at a time.
The cost of surrogacy with twins
To begin with, organizational and legal concerns are taken by a surrogacy center, whose specialists conduct programs from the very beginning until the birth of the child. They create good conditions for spouses and surrogate mothers. A woman who bears a genetically someone else’s child receives monthly material compensation and remuneration after birth for participating in the program and for helping a married couple.
Payment for a surrogate mother in such centers is from 18,000 to 25,000 euros per program.
The entire amount is paid gradually, after each specific stage:
- Payment on the day of embryo transfer (IVF) is about 200 euros
- Ultrasound scan with confirmed pregnancy – 200 euros after the procedure
- A woman has 400 euros every month. As a result, in 9 months – 3600 euros
- After the birth and transfer of the child to potential parents, another 14 thousand euros are given
There are also additional payments. A woman, subject to repeated participation, receives an additional 1000 euros, and 2000 euros for the third time. When the childbirth was carried out by caesarean section – 1,500 euros.
An important point is the increase in the reward for multiple pregnancies – 3000 euros. Since a woman bears not one, but two babies. This increases the risk for both the mother and the baby.
Therefore, there are great risks of miscarriage:
- risks during pregnancy (gestosis, premature placental abruption, bleeding during pregnancy and the postpartum period)
- short term abortion
- the death of one of the babies, which leads to a stop in the development of the second embryo
- difficult and premature birth and, as a result, a premature baby with insufficient development of organs (vision, hearing, musculoskeletal system, etc.)
- fetal respiratory distress syndrome
- pregnancy-induced hypertension. It occurs 3 times more often than with same-sex pregnancy, it is more severe
Today, modern science offers the opportunity for everyone to become happy parents, regardless of illness, age, gender and preferences in love. After all, now a same-sex family differs from a sterile heterosexual family only in that to create a common genetically native child, more advanced cellular technologies are needed that do not stand still and only constantly develop.