The first successful pregnancy using egg donation was performed in 1984. Since then, due to the medical development egg donation has become quite a popular and effective method of ART (assisted reproductive technology).
Because of different pathologies of ovaries or some other reasons, very often women’s follicles stop their development and production of the egg cells, at the same time. In such cases, egg donation is usable.
Egg donation is a safe and anonymous donation of own egg cells to another woman. To become a donor, women should undergo a series of medical tests (analyses, examinations, psychological consultation, gynecologist and geneticist). If all the results meet the requirements, a potential donor must sign several documents:
When all documents are signed, the process of egg donation is divided into three stages:
Stage 1. Synchronization of the menstrual cycles. After cryopreservation, the quality of the egg cells deteriorates significantly so they are fertilized immediately after the puncture without frizzing. For safe egg donation and successful fertilization of the recipient, it is necessary for the cycles of both women to coincide. Synchronization of the menstrual cycles is best achieved with the help of the medicines (hormone injections or oral contraceptives).
Stage 2. Stimulation of ovulation of the donor. For growing a sufficient number of oocytes (from 10 to 20) in the ovaries, hormonal injections are prescribed to stimulate follicular growth. The doctor prescribes the medicines and its dosage individually. The size and number of egg cells are evaluated with the help of ultrasonography every 3-4 days.
Stage 3. Puncture. The process of egg donation takes place under anesthesia and is absolutely safe and painless. The doctor punctures the follicles under ultrasound control to retrieve the egg cells. The procedure lasts for 10-15 minutes, but the donor should stay in hospital for a while, to avoid complications.
Actually, the donation of eggs is a painless and safe method. Before you choose a clinic for this procedure, it is necessary to ascertain the quality of services it provides. First and foremost, you need to pay attention to the license on carrying out of assisted reproductive technologies. Next, you should examine experience and skills, as well as to search the Internet for reviews. If the information satisfies you, the last stage for the decision will be to consult a specialist. This is the only way to be sure that the procedure will be qualitative and will do no harm to the donor’s health.
As egg donors are young healthy women under 32, egg donation is quite a successful method of infertility treatment. In some cases, egg donation is the only chance to conceive and have a long-awaited child. However, sometimes using egg donation is not an easy decision for childless spouses.