What factors influence female fertility?
Female fertility is a biological ability of a woman to get pregnant. Your partner and you might doubt your fertility if you are over 35 or can’t conceive after two years of unprotected sexual life. Generally, problems with female fertility might be caused by various medical factors including problems with ovulation, inflammations of genitals, obstruction of fallopian tubes, infections or endometriosis (a specific disease when uterine cells appear out the uterus)
Female fertility much depends on lifestyle, especially on the weight. By all means, both obesity and thinness might influence hormonal background and reduce ovulation. That’s why, balanced and healthy nutrition is one of the key issues. Very often female fertility problems occur as a result of the contagious diseases transferred sexually (e.g. gonorrhea, clamidiosis etc). Age is also a significant female factor. Postponing pregnancy for long might reduce the possibility to conceive later. With years, not just fertilization of eggs but carrying a child to term become more problematic for a woman. The reason is that amount of eggs and cycles decreases. In addition, worsening of the eggs quality is accompanied with the increasing of possibility of genetic and chromosomal abnormal embryos which are usually lost at the early stages of their development. At the same times, such a problem is not typical for men as they preserve their fertility abilities even after 60.
If couple faces fertility problems, fertility specialist usually suggests to make fertility forecast for a woman and define “fertility index” for man.
Speaking about fertility forecast for women, we mean the estimation of the patient’s amount of eggs (US is performed) and defining the level of hormones (results of blood tests for hormones). US is performed on the 5-6th day of a cycle. Using such method, fertility forecast is defined implicitly on the size of eggs (not more than 12sm3 for each egg) and quantity of follicles (not less than 5). Less than 3 follicles indicates “dimming” fertility. Blood test for hormones is aimed to check the ratio of FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) and LH (Luteinizing Hormone) in the blood. Prevalence of FSH indicates ovarian exhaustion.
Due to the numerous worked out kinds of treatment, loss of female fertility isn’t a verdict nowadays and might be easily removed.