In what cases donor eggs are used?
Sometimes our desires to have children cannot come true due to the physical causes or diseases. But today, modern assisted reproductive technologies can help even those couples who are deprived of the opportunity to have genetically own children. This article will be devoted to the questions of egg cells donation.
In what cases donor eggs are used? What medical conditions exist?
Egg donation is the only way to have children for those women who do not have ovaries or have very low and poor quality ovaries. The causes of such situations can be either congenital absence of ovaries, or loss of ovaries due to surgical interventions on the female genital organs. This may also be age-related ovarian attenuation or premature ovarian attenuation associated with a particular genetic predisposition of a woman. Donor eggs are needed when there is a high risk of inheriting diseases associated with the female sex. Also we need them in case if during IVF procedure we are faced with the fact that inside the ovaries there is no egg cells. We receive a reaction to the injection of medications but it is either not sufficient, i.e. one or two eggs are formed in the ovaries, or during the retrieving of the eggs, we do not obtain genetic material.
Donor programs can be useful to those who have experience of unsuccessful attempts of IVF procedure, in this case next situation arises, when the eggs of a woman cannot be fertilized with spermatozoa, or they cannot be fertilized correctly. And because of these programs, we cannot transfer embryos of good quality to the uterus. Well, also, it can be situations where we just cannot understand the reason infertility and the reason of repeatedly unsuccessfully IVF programs which does not help to get pregnant.
How to find an egg donor?
You can contact the bank of egg donors who are usually exist in centers dealing with infertility problems and conducting IVF programs. You can contact the operator involved in IVF programs, oocyte donation or surrogate motherhood. The advantage of this method is that oocyte donors are selected by specially trained people, ensuring the trustworthiness of these donors and removing the issues of remuneration and organization of work with these donors. In the outcome of such programs in the center clients receive donor eggs from healthy young people.
Does the donor woman know who her ovaries were given to? Does she have the right to a child conceived with the help of her eggs?
Due to legislation, donors do not have any rights over the child who was born as a result of the use of their egg cells, also they have no right to make any claims either material and moral to those people who used their donor eggs. We conclude agreements with egg donors according to which they undertake to fulfill all the requirements associated with the implementation of the program, and also undertake not to be interested in the results of the use of their eggs, the birth of children, or the personal data of the couple. All this is formalized as informed consent, a tripartite agreement between the clinic, an egg donor and a married couple. And if these documents are not signed, or if there are any mutual questions, the program won’t be conducted. Sometimes it is not easy for couples to make decisions about the usage of a donor eggs. But if this decision is taken, then it is not worth of doubts.
Our practice shows – when woman is pregnant, soon she completely forgets about how this baby was conceived.